Phd position (research ethics), KU Leuven

Phd position (research ethics), KU Leuven

Closing date: 26 August 2021

A successful candidate will be selected to work on two research projects coordinated by the Centre for Biomedical Ethics and Law (an interdisciplinary centre that performs research on ethical and societal issues with regard to innovations in biomedical research and health care, www.cbmer.be). Staff members of this center publish their work in international peer reviewed journals, participate in national and international research projects, and provide advice to academic and professional organizations.

The researcher that will be hired will lead research activities in the domain of research ethics in two different projects. The main focus will be on a project funded by the CELSA Alliance (KU Leuven – Jagiellonian University Medical College) that will focus on the ethical aspects related to research strategies that purposefully mislead research participants. Although methodologies that use deception in their design could potentially increase relevant scientific knowledge in a huge number of areas, there is a lack of understanding about the conditions under which such a methodology is justified and a lack of clarity about what constitutes an appropriate context in which research participants can be deceived. Therefore, the use of deception in research studies has been heavily criticized because of ethical concerns regarding its use; because of the lack of proper informed consent and the fact of misleading the participant to the real purpose of the study. More recently, the development of the General Data Protection Regulation challenges the use of deception even more. This project will allow (1) to systematically identify research studies that used deception; (2) to investigate the experiences of researchers who have used a methodology in which deception was used; and (3) to systematically map research ethics guidelines and recommendations in order to analyse to what extent and the ways in which recommendations deal with the use of deception in research. This project will be jointly supervised with professor Jan Piasecki (Jagiellonian University Medical College) and professor Dieter Baeyens (Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, KU Leuven).

Alongside the first project, the researcher will be involved in a bilateral Flanders (Belgium)- Canada project funded through the Research Foundation Flanders on the ethical aspects related to the research use of crowdsourced medical data for biomedical research. Smartphone applications for health are being increasingly used as a platform for collecting and sharing large volumes of crowdsourced personal health data for biomedical research and algorithm training. Consumer genetics products are similarly allowing individuals to have direct access to their own genetic data and to share such data with researchers. Using smartphone and genetic data in these ways presents numerous opportunities to expand biomedical knowledge, though it also raises certain risks. Some of these include risks to personal privacy and risks associated with unclear ethical and legal obligations on the part of app developers and researchers.

The research activities will be done through a multi-disciplinary lens and by studying the ethical and policy concerns both from a theoretical and from an empirical perspective through interviews with experts and stakeholders.

For more information and to apply visit https://www.kuleuven.be/personeel/jobsite/jobs/60046348?hl=en&lang=en